Tuesday, March 17, 2015

I Strongly Support Deployment of THAAD Missiles To South Korea

Since last few years ago, there have been a lot of voices concerning about the deployment of Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD). Not only South Korea but also neighboring nations including Japan and China are showing their perspectives on this missile too. Especially, Koreans are wondering and questioning what the THAAD is and if they need it.

First of all, in briefly, what is THAAD?

THAAD is a missile intercepting nuclear warheads falling from the sky. This is very important because a lot of people get confused what THAAD actually does. It intercepts nuclear warheads that are detached from a main missile and free falling from a high altitude toward targets. Which means, THAAD must be stationed at where the target of enemy's nuclear missiles are going to be, and it is a defense weapon, not attacking weapon.

If THAAD is stationed in the U.S., that is to protect the U.S. from any outer threats. If THAAD is stationed in South Korea, that is to protect South Korea from any outer threats too. Theoretically and technically, THAAD is not developed to intercept a missile being launched into sky with warheads in, but to intercept warheads detached from the missile and falling from the sky (I am repeating this because it is very important.)

Above is a video made by Lockheed Martin explaining why THAAD is essential for the defense of South Korea against the nuclear missile and other missile threats from North Korea. South Korea needs THAAD to protect land, citizens, and so more.

Above picture explains what types of intercepting missiles are used for each different stages of ballistic missiles. As shown, THAAD is to intercept warheads falling from the sky. At the moment when the ballistic missile being launched up into the sky has the highest possibilities to intercept, using ABL, KEI, and SM-3. However, if those fail to intercept, GBI is launched to intercept the warheads again. At last, if GBI failed to intercept, THAAD is the last defense system.

Problems with North Korea and within South Korea

Believe or not, there are quite a few people hate the U.S., and often show in favor of North Korea or their communistic or socialistic theories. The terrorist who slashed the U.S. ambassador, Mark Lippert is these kind of people. Hating the U.S., liking socialism, North Korea, and more.

They think that accepting this THAAD missile is same as submitting ourselves to the U.S. and giving them tremendous money for the weapons. They also claim that the hostilities with North Korea must be avoided by not accepting this THAAD missile. North Korea already has shown their frustrations and threats to South Korea for accepting deployment of THAAD. North Korea often threatened South Korea saying that they will launch and attack South Korea with their nuclear warheads.

It is very controversial and hard to understand those people living in South Korea, enjoying the output of democracy and capitalism claim their voices on standing on the same side with North Korea.

Problems with China

A lot of times, China showed their concerns with the installation of THAAD missiles in South Korea. If China is going to attack the U.S, the ICBM will NOT go through Pacific. But rather it will head to the U.S. through north pole (look at the globe).

China said that THAAD is to protect the U.S. from the attack of China. However, as I previously mentioned from the introduction, THAAD is not capable of doing so.

There are two possible explanations here:

1. AN/TPY-2 Raytheon Portable Radar

This radar is a long range and highly accurate missile radar that can spot everything in sky. Detectable radius of this radar ranges from 600 km to 2,000 km, which includes basically entire half part of China if stationed in South Korea. Of course, China will not like this situation since the U.S. will be able to identify and track down all movements in sky. However, the U.S. and South Korean governments released that the particular radar will be deployed in South Korea is only capable of 600 km detection radius range. This distance includes almost entire North Korea but not including China at all. Thus, China's concerns over this radar is unreasonable.

2. North East Asia Expedition Obstacle.

China has developed and produced nuclear warheads. If possible target is the U.S, the U.S. forces stationed in South Korea and Japan are major obstacles. Thus, attacking these two nations in the event of war against the U.S. is important.

However, if South Korea installs THAAD with AN/TPY-2, even if the missile and radar ranges are only within North Korea, majority of Chinese naval and air forces are detectable and defensible. This means, the deployment of THAAD completely will forcibly alter what China is planning against North East Asia powers.

Because of these two reasons, China has been showing deep concerns and almost threatens South Korea not to install any THAAD. However, officials of South Korea and the U.S. do not understand and blame them for attempt to exert their influences.

"(Neighboring nations) can have their positions.
However, they must not attempt to exercise their influences over our
national defense and security policies"
Daniel R. Russell (Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs):
"South Korea has not installed this THAAD system yet. But, it is strange
for a third nation to mention about this theoretical matter."
I indeed strongly feel that THAAD is essential for the defense of South Korea. This is not a attacking weapon but a defense weapon to protect ourselves from the threats of North Korea. Any other influences and oppositions are unacceptable while it is a matter of saving thousands of thousands lives of South Koreans.

South Korea needs THAAD. And I believe we will have one.

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